Italy judges defend Silvio Berlusconi conviction ruling

Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi waves to supporters as his girlfriend Francesca Pascale looks on during a rally to protest his tax fraud conviction, outside his palace in central Rome on 4 August, 2013.

Italy's Supreme Court has issued a text explanation from judges on why they upheld the former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's sentence for tax fraud.
The 1 August ruling confirmed a one-year prison term and ban on political office for the billionaire senator. Neither measure has yet been enforced.
Berlusconi argued he did not know prices of film distribution rights were pushed up to reduce tax on their sale.
He faces possible expulsion from parliament over the verdict.
The move could have implications for Italy's government, as he leads a centre-right party which is a partner in the coalition.
Judges said Berlusconi initiated the scheme and knew perfectly well how it worked.
He was the "mind behind the mechanism," they said.
President of the Italian supreme court Antonio Esposito (C) reads the sentence at the end of the trial involving former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, on 1 August, 2013, at the Court of Cassation in Rome.Italy's Supreme Court judgment is being scrutinised by Berlusconi's lawyers
The former PM colluded with the management to allow the continued rising costs of his Mediaset business empire for the purpose of tax evasion, the judges' document said.
He operated a "game of mirrors" to artificially inflate the price of TV rights, the judges said, according to the Ansa news agency.
"This defendant, this businessman, would have had to have been completely clueless" not to realise the tax fraud scheme that was in place, they said.
Political fallout
A court in October is expected to decide whether he will have to serve his one-year sentence as community service or under house arrest, the Associated Press news agency reports.
Berlusconi's lawyers are challenging a series of convictions. He has complained he is the victim of a vendetta led by left-wing magistrates from his home city, Milan.
People gather during a demonstration organized by PDL party for its leader Silvio Berlusconi, in front of his residence in Rome, Italy, 4 August 2013.